What are the different types of business loans available to entrepreneurs?

What are the different types of business loans available to entrepreneurs?

Entrepreneurs have a myriad of business loan options available to them, each designed to cater to different facets of a business’s financial needs. From working capital to expansion efforts, types of business loans range from traditional term loans and SBA-backed options to alternative funding sources like business lines of credit and equipment financing. With such a variety, understanding the unique features and purposes of these loans is crucial for business owners seeking to make informed decisions about financing their operations.

As the financial landscape expands, so do the avenues through which entrepreneurs can secure funding. Traditional banks, alternative lenders, and programs like the Small Business Administration (SBA) offer diverse types of business loans. This article will delve into the specifics, including business lines of credit, startup business loans, small business loans, equipment loans, and more, to demystify business loan requirements and help entrepreneurs navigate the multitude of options. Additionally, it will touch upon how many types of business loans there are, providing a comprehensive overview for readers seeking financial solutions for their business ventures.

Term Loans

Term loans are structured financial products where businesses receive a lump sum of money that must be repaid over a predetermined period, with payments typically made on a monthly basis. This type of financing is essential for businesses looking to fund major investments or consolidate debt. Below is a detailed breakdown of the characteristics and considerations associated with term loans.

Overview and Usage

  1. Purpose: Term loans are versatile, used for expanding operations, purchasing equipment, or refinancing existing debt.
  2. Duration: These loans vary in length from short-term options of less than a year to long-term solutions extending up to 25 years.
  3. Collateral: Long-term loans often require company assets as collateral, securing the borrowed amount.

Financial Terms and Benefits

  1. Interest Rates: Borrowers can benefit from fixed or variable interest rates, with term loans generally offering lower rates due to their longer durations compared to other types of business financing.
  2. Repayment Schedule: The predictable repayment schedule helps businesses plan and budget effectively, with the added benefit of interest being tax deductible.
  3. Credit Impact: Making timely repayments can improve a business’s credit score, potentially leading to better financing terms in the future.

Application Process

  1. Application: Applying for term loans, especially online, is straightforward, often requiring only a few days to process.
  2. Preparation: Businesses should prepare by researching lenders, checking credit scores, reviewing lender requirements, and gathering necessary documents.


  1. Loan Suitability: While ideal for large purchases or projects that can generate significant revenue, term loans may not be suitable for startups or businesses with poor credit or uncertain return on investment potential.
  2. Costs: Additional costs can include origination fees, late payment penalties, and potentially prepayment penalties, although many term loans do not penalize for early repayment.

Lender Options and Loan Types

  1. Lenders: Term loans are available from a variety of sources including traditional banks, online lenders, and community-based financial institutions.
  2. Loan Categories: Depending on the business’s needs, term loans can be categorized into short-term, intermediate-term, and long-term, each serving different financial roles and using different assets as collateral.

This section provides a comprehensive view of term loans, highlighting their flexibility, cost structure, and the strategic considerations businesses must weigh when choosing this type of financing.

SBA Loans

SBA loans are specialized funding options designed to assist small businesses in securing necessary financing. These loans are provided by banks and online lenders and are partially guaranteed by the government, which helps reduce the risk for lenders and makes it easier for small businesses to obtain.

Key Features and Benefits

  1. Government Guarantee: The Small Business Administration (SBA) sets guidelines and offers a partial guarantee on these loans, enhancing their accessibility to small businesses.
  2. Diverse Loan Types: SBA loans include several types, such as 7(a) loans, 504 loans, and Microloans, each tailored for different financing needs.
  3. Competitive Terms: These loans are known for their low interest rates and flexible terms, which are particularly beneficial for startups and businesses needing working capital.

Eligibility and Application

  1. Eligibility Criteria: To qualify, businesses must meet SBA size standards, demonstrate the ability to repay, and engage in eligible business activities within the U.S.
  2. Application Process: Applicants choose a lender, gather necessary documents, and submit their application. The process mirrors the timeframe of conventional loans.

Specific Loan Programs

  1. 7(a) Loans: Offer a guarantee on a portion of the loan, cap interest rates, and limit fees, making them a viable option for many businesses.
  2. 504 Loans: Provide long-term, fixed-rate financing for purchasing real estate or equipment, which can be crucial for business expansion.
  3. Microloans: These are smaller loans, capped at $50,000, aimed at helping new and smaller businesses to start and grow.

Additional Support

The SBA also offers counseling and education, which can be invaluable for new entrepreneurs. This support, coupled with competitive terms like lower down payments and flexible overhead requirements, makes SBA loans a compelling choice for small business financing.

By leveraging these loans, businesses can gain access to capital with manageable repayment terms and the backing of the federal government, making them a cornerstone resource in the landscape of small business financing.

Business Lines of Credit

Overview and Key Features

A business line of credit is a flexible financing option designed to provide businesses with quick access to funds. Businesses can draw from a pre-approved limit, use the funds as needed, and only pay interest on the amount used.

  1. Flexibility: This type of credit offers significant flexibility, allowing businesses to manage cash flow effectively. Funds can be used for various purposes, including operational expenses, inventory purchases, and growth initiatives.
  2. Revolving Credit: Unlike traditional loans, a business line of credit is revolving. This means once you repay the borrowed amount, it becomes available again for use without needing to reapply.
  3. Accessibility: Funds from a business line of credit can typically be accessed through business checking accounts or mobile apps, ensuring that businesses can get the cash they need swiftly and conveniently.

Financial Terms and Benefits

  • Interest Rates: Generally lower than those of business credit cards, making it a cost-effective option for many businesses.
  • Repayment Terms: These can vary significantly between lenders, ranging from several weeks to several years, providing businesses with flexibility to choose terms that best fit their cash flow.

Application and Eligibility

  • Minimum Requirements: Businesses must typically meet certain criteria such as a minimum time in business under current ownership to qualify for a business line of credit.
  • Collateral: While smaller lines of credit may be unsecured, larger ones might require collateral such as a blanket lien on assets or certificates of deposit.

Rates and Fees

  • Interest Accumulation: Interest starts accruing only when funds are drawn, which can help manage costs better compared to other forms of credit where interest accrues immediately.
  • Common Fees: Businesses might encounter fees including annual fees, origination fees, maintenance fees, and draw fees, which should be considered when choosing a lender.

Credit Impact and Considerations

  • Credit Building: Maintaining a line of credit in good standing can enhance a business’s credit rating, potentially leading to more favorable loan terms in the future.
  • Business vs. Personal Credit: For sole proprietorships, the line of credit may affect personal credit scores, whereas for LLCs and corporations, it can remain tied only to the business.

Top Providers

NerdWallet reviews suggest top providers for business lines of credit include Bank of America Business Advantage, SBA CAPLines, OnDeck, and others, offering various terms and benefits tailored to different business needs.

Comparison with Other Financial Products

  • Business Credit Cards: While both provide revolving credit, business lines of credit usually have lower interest rates and are better suited for larger expenses or emergency funds.
  • Term Loans and Other Alternatives: Business lines of credit offer more flexibility compared to term loans, which provide a lump sum and fixed repayment schedule. They are also faster to fund than most traditional business loans.

Equipment Loans

Overview and Usage

Equipment loans are a specialized form of financing designed to help businesses acquire necessary machinery, vehicles, software, and other equipment without paying the full cost upfront. This type of loan is particularly beneficial for businesses that rely heavily on specialized equipment to operate efficiently. The equipment purchased serves as collateral for the loan, which can mitigate some of the lending risks associated with new or expanding businesses.

Key Features

  1. Collateral: The equipment itself acts as collateral, providing security for both the lender and the borrower.
  2. Loan Limits: Businesses can secure up to $500,000, depending on the lender and the equipment’s value.
  3. Repayment Periods: Terms can range from short-term (6 months) to long-term (up to 10 years), offering flexibility based on the business’s cash flow and the equipment’s expected life.

Financial Terms and Benefits

  • Financing Options: Businesses can choose between leasing or financing, spreading the cost over time, which can preserve cash flow for other operational needs.
  • Loan Coverage: Up to 100% financing is available, meaning businesses might not need to make a down payment.
  • Interest Rates: Typically lower than unsecured loans due to the collateral, with the most favorable rates often provided by traditional banks.

Eligibility and Application

  • Business Requirements: Most businesses qualify, but lenders will consider factors such as business history, annual revenue, and the credibility of the business and equipment.
  • Application Process: Involves assessment of the equipment’s value and the business’s financial health, with documentation requirements varying by lender.

Strategic Considerations

  • Equipment Age and Value: The newer and more valuable the equipment, the more favorable the loan terms. Older equipment might attract higher interest rates or shorter repayment terms.
  • Upgrade and Replacement: Ideal for businesses looking to replace old equipment or invest in the latest technology to enhance operational efficiency without large upfront costs.

Comparison with Other Financing Options

  • Versus Business Credit Cards and Lines of Credit: Equipment loans are better suited for large, one-time purchases and offer lower interest rates than business credit cards, which typically have higher rates and are better for ongoing, smaller expenses.
  • Versus Term Loans: While both can offer significant funding, equipment loans are secured by the equipment, potentially offering better terms and easing qualification criteria.

This section outlines the benefits and considerations associated with equipment loans, emphasizing their role in facilitating business growth through strategic equipment investment.

Invoice Financing

Invoice financing offers businesses a way to improve cash flow by borrowing against their outstanding invoices. This method is particularly beneficial for companies with long payment cycles or those needing to bridge cash flow gaps.

Key Features of Invoice Financing

  1. Immediate Cash Flow: Businesses can receive immediate funds by borrowing against unpaid invoices, providing much-needed liquidity for operations.
  2. Control Over Invoices: Companies retain control over their invoices and manage their own customer relationships, choosing which invoices to finance without client involvement.
  3. Flexibility: Invoice financing can be structured either as a loan or a line of credit, providing flexibility to meet the business’s needs.

Financial Terms and Benefits

  • Percentage Advanced: Lenders typically advance up to 90% of the invoice amount, with the remainder paid minus fees once the customer settles the invoice.
  • Fees Structure: Charges for invoice financing are generally calculated as a percentage of the invoice value, ranging from 1% to 5%.

Application and Eligibility

  • Simplified Process: The application process for invoice financing is usually straightforward, requiring minimal documentation and can be completed quickly, often within 24 hours.
  • Customer Credit Consideration: Lenders evaluate the creditworthiness of a business’s customers, not just the business applying for financing, which can ease qualification requirements.

Types of Invoice Financing

  • Invoice Factoring: Involves selling the business’s receivables to a factoring company which then assumes responsibility for collecting payment from customers.
  • Invoice Discounting: Allows businesses to borrow against their invoices while retaining control over collections, thus maintaining customer relationships.

Strategic Considerations

  • Cost vs. Benefit: While typically more expensive than traditional loans, invoice financing provides quicker access to funds and easier qualification terms, which can be crucial for cash-strapped businesses.
  • Customer Impact: Choosing between factoring and discounting depends on how businesses prefer to manage customer interactions and collections.

Ideal Candidates for Invoice Financing

  • B2B Companies: Businesses that operate on a B2B model and deal with delayed payments from customers find invoice financing particularly advantageous.
  • Seasonal Businesses: Companies with fluctuating sales cycles can use invoice financing to manage operational costs during off-peak times.

By leveraging their unpaid invoices, businesses can access immediate funds, maintain control over customer relationships, and manage cash flow more effectively. This makes invoice financing a valuable tool for businesses looking to stabilize or grow without waiting for slow-paying customers.

What are the different types of business loans available to entrepreneurs?
What are the different types of business loans available to entrepreneurs?

Commercial Real Estate Loans

Commercial Real Estate Financing is a specialized segment within the lending industry, focusing on providing businesses with the necessary capital to purchase, develop, or refinance commercial properties. These types of loans are crucial for businesses looking to invest in their operational spaces or expand their real estate holdings.

Overview and Key Features

  1. Loan Amounts: The average loan amount for Commercial Real Estate Financing can range from $100,000 to over $5 million, accommodating a variety of business sizes and property types.
  2. Loan Terms: Typically, the terms for these loans extend from five to 20 years, offering businesses ample time to repay while they grow and utilize the property.
  3. Interest Rates: Starting at 3% as of 2023, the interest rates for Commercial Real Estate Financing are competitive, with options for fixed or variable rates.

Eligibility and Application Process

  • Financial Health: A business’s financial health, including its debt-service-coverage ratio (DSCR), is crucial in determining eligibility for these loans.
  • Property Usage: At least 51% of the property must be utilized by the business to qualify for a commercial real estate loan, ensuring the property is primarily business-oriented.

Advantages and Disadvantages

  • Advantages: Some of the benefits include customizable terms, competitive interest rates, and the potential for loan-to-value ratios that favor the borrower. These loans also allow for stable expense forecasting and enhanced cash flow management.
  • Disadvantages: However, there are also drawbacks such as upfront costs, collateral risk, interest rate fluctuations, and balloon payments. The complexity of the application process can also be a deterrent for some businesses.

Types of Commercial Real Estate Loans

  • Variety: There are several types of Commercial Real Estate Loans including traditional bank loans, SBA loans, construction loans, and real-estate-secured loans. Each type comes with its own specific rates, terms, eligibility requirements, and application processes.

Application Steps and Considerations

The process of securing a Commercial Real Estate Loan involves multiple steps:

  1. Determine Business Needs: Clearly define the purpose and requirements for the real estate.
  2. Review Financial Health: Assess the business’s financial stability and readiness for a substantial loan.
  3. Property Appraisal: An appraisal of the real estate is necessary to determine its value and suitability for the loan.
  4. Submit Application and Await Approval: After choosing the appropriate loan type and preparing a detailed business plan, submit the application and await approval, which can typically take 3-5 weeks.

Commercial Real Estate Loans not only help businesses finance their locations but also preserve working capital, making them a vital tool for business growth and stability.


Microloans offer a unique financial solution tailored specifically for small businesses and entrepreneurs, providing smaller loan amounts with specific terms and conditions. These loans are particularly useful for businesses that may not qualify for larger amounts of funding. Here’s an in-depth look at the structure and specifics of microloans:

Overview and Usage

Microloans are designed to support small businesses in various ways, including working capital, inventory, supplies, furniture, fixtures, machinery, and equipment. However, they cannot be used for paying off existing debts or purchasing real estate.

Key Features

  1. Average Loan Amount: Typically around $13,000, with a range from $5,000 to a maximum of $50,000.
  2. Collateral and Guarantees: Often, borrowers must provide some form of collateral and a personal guarantee from the business owner.
  3. Purpose: These loans can finance a wide array of business needs except for debt refinancing and real estate purchases.

Financial Terms and Benefits

  • Interest Rates: Generally vary between 8% and 13%, influenced by the intermediary lender and the costs to the intermediary from the U.S. Department of the Treasury.
  • Repayment Terms: Loan repayment conditions are influenced by several factors including the loan amount, intended use, and lender requirements, with a maximum term of up to six years.

Application and Eligibility

  • Intermediary Lenders: Microloans are distributed through specific nonprofit, community-based organizations experienced in lending and business management assistance.
  • Application Process: Applicants must work with an SBA-approved intermediary in their area to initiate the process.
  • Lender Requirements: Each intermediary lender sets its own lending and credit criteria, which can vary widely.

Target Beneficiaries

Microloans often focus on specific categories of borrowers, such as women-owned businesses, minority-owned enterprises, or businesses in developing countries, providing not only funding but also crucial education and training.

Comparisons and Considerations

  • Versus Other Business Loans: Microloans are smaller in scale and have more flexible eligibility criteria compared to traditional business loans, which makes them accessible to a broader range of businesses.
  • Interest Rates and Fees: While the interest rates are generally higher than some traditional loans, they are competitive considering the accessibility and the flexible credit requirements.

By offering a combination of accessible loan amounts, flexible usage, and supportive lending conditions, microloans serve as an essential resource for small businesses and entrepreneurs looking to grow or maintain their operations.

Personal Loans for Business Use

Personal loans offer an alternative financing route for entrepreneurs, particularly useful for startups and small businesses that may face challenges securing traditional business loans. These loans are versatile, allowing borrowers to cover various business expenses, from purchasing equipment to hiring staff.

Key Characteristics of Personal Loans for Business

  1. Purpose: Personal loans can be utilized for a range of business needs, including but not limited to operational expenses, equipment purchases, and employee salaries.
  2. Interest Rates: Typically lower than those on credit cards, making them a more cost-effective option for business financing.
  3. Repayment Terms: Defined periods with a possibility of prepayment penalties, which necessitates careful financial planning.

Advantages and Disadvantages

  • Pros:
    • Lenient lending criteria and no collateral requirements facilitate easier access to funding.
    • Quick funding process, allowing businesses to respond rapidly to opportunities or needs.
    • Set repayment terms aid in financial forecasting and budget management.
  • Cons:
    • Generally lower borrowing limits, which may not suffice for larger business investments.
    • Higher interest rates compared to secured business loans.
    • Risks personal credit score and does not contribute to building business credit.

Application Process

The steps to secure a personal loan for business use are straightforward but require careful preparation:

  1. Credit Check: Confirm personal credit score to ensure eligibility.
  2. Prequalification: Engage with lenders to prequalify, which can provide insight into potential interest rates and terms.
  3. Formal Application: Complete the application process, which might include submission of financial details and business plans.
  4. Finalization: Upon approval, finalize the loan terms and receive funding.

When to Consider Personal Loans for Business Financing

  • Startups and New Ventures: Ideal for businesses with limited operational history or those not qualifying for traditional business loans.
  • Immediate Financial Needs: Suitable for covering urgent expenses due to the typically quicker disbursement compared to business loans.
  • Small Financial Gaps: Useful for small-scale funding needs, where larger loans would not be practical or necessary.

Personal loans for business use are a viable option under certain conditions, particularly when traditional business financing is unattainable or when funds are needed swiftly. They provide a flexible and accessible means for entrepreneurs to finance their ventures, though careful consideration of the terms and potential impacts on personal credit is crucial.

Merchant Cash Advances

Overview and Key Features

A Merchant Cash Advance (MCA) provides businesses with a lump sum of cash in exchange for a percentage of future credit and debit card sales. This funding solution is ideal for businesses with high credit card transaction volumes and those needing quick access to capital.

  1. Nature of MCA: Not a loan but a purchase of future sales, which does not affect business credit scores as repayment history is not reported to credit bureaus.
  2. Revenue-Based Collections: The repayment is tied directly to the business’s daily card sales, ensuring payments adjust with sales volume.
  3. Quick Access to Funds: Typically, funds are available within a few days after approval, making it a swift solution for immediate financial needs.

Eligibility and Application Process

Merchant Cash Advances have relatively lenient eligibility requirements, which can be beneficial for businesses that may not qualify for traditional loans due to poor credit or lack of collateral.

  • Basic Qualifications: Businesses should have at least one year of operation, a minimum of $50,000 in annual revenue, and a credit score of 500 or higher.
  • Application Steps:
    1. Complete an online application form.
    2. Submit necessary business documents.
    3. Review terms with a lending officer once contacted.

Cost of Borrowing

MCAs are known for their higher cost compared to traditional business loans. The total cost is calculated using a factor rate, generally ranging from 1.1 to 1.5, multiplied by the borrowed amount.

  • Fee Structure: Includes an origination fee, underwriting or funding fee, and administrative fees.
  • Repayment Terms: Businesses can opt for a fixed daily or weekly withdrawal from their bank account, or a percentage holdback from daily credit card sales, typically between 10% and 20%.

Pros and Cons

While MCAs provide fast and accessible funding, they come with significant drawbacks that businesses must consider.

  • Advantages:
    • High approval rates and fast funding process.
    • No collateral required, reducing risk to business assets.
    • Repayments align with cash flow, as they are based on sales.
  • Disadvantages:
    • Higher overall cost due to factor rates and additional fees.
    • Frequent repayments can strain daily business cash flow.
    • Lack of federal regulation leads to potentially confusing and stringent contract terms.

Strategic Considerations and Alternatives

Before opting for an MCA, businesses should assess their ability to manage the frequent repayments without harming their operational cash flow. Alternatives such as online small business loans, business cash advances, factoring, accounts receivable financing, and business credit cards may offer more favorable terms and lower costs.

  • When to Consider an MCA: Suitable for businesses expecting a quick return on investment that can cover the high cost of capital.
  • Risk Assessment: Important to consider the potential for a debt cycle due to the ease of access and high cost of MCAs.

Business Credit Cards

Key Benefits and Features

Business credit cards are essential tools for managing company finances, offering a range of benefits that help streamline spending and improve financial oversight. Here are some of the primary advantages and features of using business credit cards:

  1. Establishment of Business Credit: Regular, on-time payments can help build a company’s credit score, which is crucial for securing future financing under better terms.
  2. Separation of Expenses: These cards help distinguish personal finances from business transactions, simplifying accounting and tax preparation.
  3. Rewards and Perks: Many cards offer rewards like cash back, travel points, and other benefits, which can be extremely valuable for businesses with considerable operational expenses.
  4. Enhanced Spending Controls: Business credit cards allow for customized spending limits on employee cards, which aids in managing budgets and monitoring staff expenses.
  5. Convenience: They provide a practical alternative to carrying cash or using a checkbook, making transactions simpler and more secure.
  6. Purchase Protections: Users benefit from features such as extended warranties, fraud liability protection, and purchase protection, which safeguard against losses from damaged or stolen goods.

Financial Flexibility and Cash Flow Management

Business credit cards offer significant flexibility, which can be particularly useful in managing cash flow:

  • Revolving Credit Line: Provides businesses with the ability to cover expenses and pay the balance over time, which can be crucial during periods of tight cash flow.
  • Interest-Free Periods: Some cards offer 0% intro APR on purchases for set periods, allowing businesses to make necessary purchases without immediate interest charges.
  • Higher Credit Limits: Generally, these cards have higher limits than personal credit cards, which can be essential for funding larger business needs.

Expense Tracking and Management

The ability to track and manage expenses efficiently is another significant advantage of business credit cards:

  • Detailed Expense Reports: Most cards offer quarterly and year-end summaries, which help in budgeting and tax filing.
  • Real-Time Notifications: Customizable tools provide instant alerts on transactions, helping prevent unauthorized spending and manage budgets effectively.
  • Centralized Expense Platform: Consolidating all business expenses onto one platform enhances visibility into the financial operations of the business.

Application Process and Accessibility

Obtaining a business credit card is typically less cumbersome than securing a business loan, offering a quicker and more straightforward application process:

  • Speed and Ease: The process for acquiring a business credit card is often faster and involves less paperwork than that for traditional business loans.
  • Accessibility for Various Businesses: Even smaller or newer businesses can qualify for a business credit card, making it an accessible option for many entrepreneurs.

Strategic Use in Business Operations

Business credit cards are not just tools for spending; they play a strategic role in financial planning and operations management:

  • Short-Term Financing: They can bridge short-term cash flow gaps, allowing businesses to capitalize on timely opportunities without the need for long-term financing.
  • Employee Spending Management: Additional cards for employees make it easier to handle business expenses while maintaining control over the overall expenditure.

Business credit cards thus offer a versatile and efficient financial tool for businesses, combining convenience, control, and cost-effectiveness with powerful features that cater to the diverse needs of modern enterprises.


Throughout this exploration of the multifaceted world of business financing, we’ve uncovered an array of loan options ranging from traditional term loans and SBA loans to more dynamic solutions like business lines of credit, equipment financing, and invoice financing. Each option is designed with specific business requirements in mind, offering varying terms, benefits, and eligibility criteria to accommodate the diverse financial needs of entrepreneurs and businesses at different stages of growth. This comprehensive overview not only demystifies the process of selecting the most suitable financing solution but also highlights the strategic considerations businesses must weigh to leverage these financial tools effectively for sustainable growth and operational efficiency.

As entrepreneurs navigate the complexities of securing business financing, it’s evident that a thorough understanding of the available loan types, along with a careful assessment of their own financial health and the intended use of funds, is crucial for making informed decisions. Whether it’s to bolster working capital, invest in new equipment, or expand operations, the right financing solution can serve as a catalyst for business transformation and success. By reflecting on the insights provided, business owners can better position themselves to take advantage of the opportunities these financial instruments offer, ensuring they choose paths that align with their long-term objectives and growth strategies.


What are the most popular types of loans for entrepreneurs? Term loans are one of the most popular forms of small business financing. They involve a lump sum of money provided upfront, which is then repaid over a set period with fixed monthly payments. These payments include interest in addition to the principal balance.

What kind of loan is suitable for starting a new business? Microloans are ideal for acquiring working capital to start or grow small businesses. They are especially helpful for those who may find it challenging to qualify for traditional bank loans. However, it’s important to note that microloans often come with higher interest rates than bank loans.

Which business loans are most commonly used? Term loans are the most commonly used type of business loan for both new and established companies. They are designed to cover individual expenses and are paid back over an extended period, typically five years or more. These loans can be used for various purposes, such as purchasing equipment or expanding operations, and may be either secured or unsecured.

What are the primary categories of external financing for entrepreneurs? Entrepreneurs typically have access to two principal categories of external financing: equity financing and debt financing. Equity financing involves receiving funds in exchange for a share of ownership and a claim to future profits. Debt financing, on the other hand, refers to borrowed money that must be repaid, usually with added interest.

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